Generally, the introduction will end with your claim or thesis sometimes this will be the opening sentence, or you may put a question which is not fully answered until the conclusion.
Do not introduce new results in the discussion section. Are your results consistent with what other investigators have reported? Use appropriate methods of showing data. If more than one unexpected finding emerged during the study, describe each of them in the order they appeared as you gathered or analyzed the data.
Many board-paper writers will never meet the board, but they should all be aware of their role and understand the difference between writing for the board and writing for the executive team. The person who did the work and wrote the paper is generally listed as the first author of a research paper.
Temperature affects the reaction. Note that superfluous detail and otherwise obvious information has been deleted while important missing information was added. Meanwhile, here are five specimens of the English language as it is now habitually written.
In conclusion, pretreatment with droperidol reduced the incidence of PONV in this sample, and patients did not stay longer in the PACU with the droperidol treatment.
Pick one particular aspect of the topic to discuss and write a one-sentence opinion. So, how to write a discussion paper? Women should make the same as a man for the same job.
Structure and Writing Style These are the general rules you should adopt when composing your discussion of the results: If you find yourself repeating lots of information about the experimental design when describing the data collection procedure slikely you can combine them and be more concise.
The danger of this approach is that the conversation in the boardroom may be diverted from things that matter into inconsequential minutiae. Is there anything I should be excited or concerned about?
Explain your point of view. Top of Page Describe your experimental design clearly. Remember that the data are the data: In the text, cite the literature in the appropriate places: Obviously, you must refer to your results when discussing them, but focus on the interpretation of those results and their significance in relation to the research problem, not the data itself.
There are three ways to incorporate sources in your essay: Here you will indicate what types of descriptive statistics were used and which analyses usually hypothesis tests were employed to answer each of the questions or hypotheses tested and determine statistical siginifcance.
How are your warrants values or strong beliefs different or the same as those of your audience? Choosing graph types To compare proportions and relative amounts How big?
Are there other points of view? Use strong verbs instead of "to be" Instead of: Location data must be as precise as possible: The first-hand evidence is always the best one. Probability determined using a Mann- Whitney U test.
The description must include both physical and biological characteristics of the site pertinant to the study aims. Conclusions can use some of the same techniques that you use in your introduction.It’s time once again to review those nasty errors that damage our credibility when we write.
Not normally a fun task, but absolutely necessary. I promise to keep you amused to diminish the pain (or at least I’ll give it a shot).
As with the last time we explored grammatical errors, I feel. A major part of any writing assignment consists of re-writing. Write accurately. Scientific writing must be accurate. Although writing instructors may tell you not to use the same word twice in a sentence, it's okay for scientific writing, which must be accurate.
You can write a detailed outline for your discussion essay, using traditional outline format--letters and numbers to separate key points--or you can simply jot down a list of the main discussion points you plan to cover in the body of your essay.
Before concluding the discussion, identify potential limitations and weaknesses if you do not plan to do so in the conclusion of the paper. Comment on their relative importance in relation to your overall interpretation of the results and, if necessary, note how they may affect the validity of your findings.
Try It Out.
Are you ready to have some fun with paper? Ask a friend or family member to help you explore the following activities: Try Making Paper from Newspaper Without a Blender!All you'll need are a few simple items, such as newspaper, cornstarch, and a few supplies you.
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